A patient with anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA syndrome) and 13 live births
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Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) or Bland-White-Garland syndrome is a rarely seen congenital anomaly. Adult and infantile types are defined according to the degree of collateral development between the left coronary artery (LCA) and right coronary artery (RCA). If left untreated, ALCAPA has a 90% mortality rate in the first year of life, primarily due to myocardial ischaemia and heart failure. The degree of collateral development and the related LCA perfusion in ALCAPA syndrome determine the occurrence of symptoms. Herein, we present a case of a female patient who had previously, without any symptoms, given live birth to 13 babies. She had been experiencing exertional angina, which started long after the delivery of her 13th child. Since our patient had well-developed collaterals to the LCA, she was asymptomatic and able to give birth to the children via the vaginal route without any problems. Having well-formed collateral vessels between the RCA and LCA may prevent patients from developing symptoms, and even stressful conditions such as pregnancy may be tolerable.