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dc.contributor.authorSalcioglu E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorUrhan S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPirinccioglu T.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAydin S.en_US
dc.descriptionPubMed ID: 27710008en_US
dc.description.abstractObjective: Embracing the conceptual framework of contemporary learning theory, this study tested the hypothesis that anticipatory fear due to a sense of ongoing threat to safety and sense of helplessness in life would be the strongest determinants of PTSD and depression in domestic violence survivors. Method: Participants were 220 domestic violence survivors recruited consecutively from 12 shelters for women in Turkey (response rate 70%). They were assessed with the Semi-Structured Interview for Survivors of Domestic Violence, Traumatic Stress Symptom Checklist, Depression Rating Scale, and Fear and Sense of Control Scale. Results: Survivors were exposed to 21 (SD = 6.7) physical, psychological, and sexual violence stressors over 11.3 (SD = 8.8) years. They reported high levels of peritrauma perceived distress of and lack of control over stressor events. Approximately 10 months after trauma, many feared reliving the same domestic violence events, felt helpless, feared for their life, and felt in danger. PTSD and depression rates were 48.2% and 32.7%, respectively. The strongest predictors of PTSD and depression were fear due to a sense of ongoing threat to safety and sense of helplessness in life, which explained the largest amount of variances in these psychiatric conditions. Conclusion: The findings support the contemporary learning theory of traumatic stress and are consistent with findings of studies involving earthquake, war, and torture survivors. They imply that trauma-focused interventions designed to overcome fear, reduce helplessness, and restore sense of control over one's life would be effective in PTSD and depression in domestic violence survivors.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association Inc.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policyen_US
dc.subjectDomestic violenceen_US
dc.subjectIntimate partner violenceen_US
dc.subjectMechanisms of traumatizationen_US
dc.titleAnticipatory fear and helplessness predict PTSD and depression in domestic violence survivorsen_US
dc.departmentİstanbul Arel Üniversitesien_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.department-tempSalcioglu, E., DABATEM Istanbul Center for Behavior Research and Therapy, Siraselviler cad. Meselik sok. 26/5, Beyoglu, Istanbul, Turkey, Istanbul Arel University, DABATEM Istanbul Center for Behavior Research and Therapy, Turkey; Urhan, S., Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King's College London, United Kingdom, Department of Psychiatry, Usak State Hospital, Usak, Turkey; Pirinccioglu, T., Department of Psychology, Halic University, United States; Aydin, S., Department of Psychology, Halic University, United States, Department of Psychology, Nisantasi University, Turkeyen_US

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