Two-point Discrimination Assessment of the Lower Extremities of Healthy Young Turkish Individuals
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CitationErçalık, C., & Özkurt, S. (2021). Two-point discrimination assessment of the lower extremities of healthy young Turkish individuals. Somatosensory & Motor Research, 1-5.
Objectives: To investigate the normative two-point discrimination (TPD) values of the lower extremities of healthy young Turkish individuals. Patients and methods: Fifty-five healthy, young adults were recruited in this prospective study. Ten lower extremity parts were tested with esthesiometer: proximal thigh, midlateral thigh, midmedial thigh, midposterior thigh, proximal lateral leg, distal lateral leg, medial leg, the tip of great toe, skin over 1-2 metatarsal interspace, skin over 5th metatars at both dominant and non-dominant sides. Results: There were 27 (49.1%) female and 28 (50.9%) male participants with a mean age of 22.06 ± 1.76 years. The reference values of the TPD of the lower extremities were between 42.4 ± 5.4 mm and 4.0 ± 1.3 mm by females and between 42.6 ± 6.4 mm and 4.4 ± 2.4 mm by males. Test values in the combined group of men and women were statistically greater at the dominant sides than the non-dominant sides at the following areas: proximal lateral leg (p = 0.01), distal lateral leg (p = 0.046), medial leg (p = 0.001), tip of great toe (p = 0.02), skin over 1-2 metatarsal interspace (p = 0.010), skin over 5th metatars (p = 0.002). There was no statistical difference in the test scores of men and women in any of the measured areas, with additional evaluation of both the dominant and the non-dominant sides (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the present study demonstrated that TPD ability varied in different skin areas within the same individual. We found that laterality, though with lower scores on the non-dominant side in some lower extremity parts, but not the gender had an effect on TPD.